THE CATHOLIC COUNTER-REFORMATION 453 the American foundation, and the correction of those undesirable conditions which have grown up during the years of Spanish management, when the church, being itself part of the physique politic, was injured by the actual fact of that too intimate contact. The competitors has served a great finish for Catholicism, because it has thus been placed on its mettle in a means it might never have been without it. We have compelled her to put in more energetic young clergymen, and they’re beginning to make reforms. They now not cost large fees for their ceremonies but rely upon voluntary giving. RELIGIOUS EDUCATION-AMERICAN PERIOD 333 The Roman Catholic priesthood has regarded the rapid spread of public training as a challenge to Catholicism to place forth larger efforts in academic traces.
The blowing up of a constructing by an anarchist bomb resulted in a wholesale imprisonment of anarchists, including Reyes. In prison he was given a New Testament by the British and Foreign Bible Society, and through reading this New Testament determined that it was solely the Church of Rome which was mistaken and not religion. Upon being launched from prison he translated the New Testament into Ilocano for the British and Foreign Bible Society. After the insurgent cause was hopelessly defeated, Reyes gave up the Anti-American periodical which he had been publishing, and returned to the Philippine Islands. He arrived in Manila in July, I90o, and soon organized a labor union during which he deliberate to try out some of his theories. On the third of August, 1902, this union proclaimed a schism with Rome, selected Gregorio Aglipay as head of the brand new Filipino Church, and appointed several bishops.
After graduating from the course in Arts and Science within the Dominican College of San Juan de Letran, he studied in the Recollect Theological Seminary in Vigan and was ordained in Manila in 1889. He was unusually apt and trustworthy as a student and was highly regarded by the Spanish friars. He took no part in the uprising of I896, however after Aguinaldo had signed the pact of Biac-na-bato, Aglipay was sent to one of many rebel leaders named Makabulos to induce him to sign the pact. Aglipay succeeded, however Proved too liberal for the friars of Tarlac where he had been priest, and solely escaped arrest by fleeing to Manila, the place he was given refuge by the Canon of the Cathedral. THE SPANISH REGIME 115 venture exterior the walled city to officiate within the Manila churches.
Where, however, the friars have been notably autocratic, the advance of different communions has been easy and rapid. The friars had turn out to be an anachronism, looking for to perpetuate a despotism which had gone outdated.
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Both Old and New Testament note-books are illustrated with Sunday faculty playing cards or photos reduce from the graded lesson papers. These books, that are working commentaries and Bible dictionaries mixed, are very engaging and greatly prized by the scholars. LAYMEN WHO HAVE MET THE TEST 289 ways to which long despotism had accustomed them. How flabby our churches might have been, however for the passion and metal which persecution gave them! “Bless those who have persecuted you”-for they have confirmed pals in disguises. 288 THE PEOPLE OF THE PHILIPPINES burned to the bottom.14 Dispensaries have been boycotted because of false propaganda asserting that they have been furnishing poison for wells.
When the Evangelical Union included Filipinos, in I920, it took up the fight with all its vitality. Dean Bocobo, as Chairman of the Committee on Morals and Order, has investigated the liquor site visitors and published a really strong pamphlet which has been translated into several dialects. In the 12 months 1922 the Evangelical Union distributed forty,000 of these pamphlets in various components of the Islands. So highly effective christian filipina brides was the affect of the Temperance Committee, as it was named for this explicit objective, underneath the leadership of Dean Bocobo and President Osias, that the Senate voted favorably for the adoption of prohibition. A highly effective liquor foyer, together with rich Americans, worked desperately to defeat the measure, and the Lower House didn’t ratify it.
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Knowing that he couldn’t read his Bible in Manila in safety, he went to the province of Bulacan and there continued his research. The vigilant friars realized of this; and one evening the police surrounded Zamora’s residence, placed him underneath arrest, took him to Manila and threw him into Bilibid.5 When the insurrection of I896 broke out, he was banished to the Island of Chefarina within the Mediterranean Sea, north of Africa. After the signing of the Treaty of Paris, he was launched, and returned house to the Philippines, determined to spread the Gospel all through his place of origin. Meanwhile his son Nicholas, although a scholar for the priesthood, had been studying the Bible in secret and was completely convinced that his father’s views had been right. Consequently when the older Zamora returned from exile, father and son turned keen preachers. THE IGLESIA FILIPINA INDEPENDIENTE 141 lands proved feasible.
Bishop Brent, while he was in the Philippines, became so enthusiastic about the Moros, that three society girls of enormous means, contaminated by his zeal, went to Jolo and did exceptional deeds of mercy for nearly a yr. A Moro named Matias Cuadra, some of the intense and beautiful Christians in all of the Islands, graduated from Union Seminary in Manila in I9I9, was ordained as a Christian minister, and has been doing a beautiful work in Siasi and Jolo, with little or no open opposition. Scores of Moslem boys have been baptized and Cuadra has been invited to evangelise about Christ within the very mosques.
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Clad in neat caps and aprons the ladies study both theoretical and sensible housekeeping. The goal is to improve Filipino cooking, but the ladies love to make American dishes. It is a proud day when a plate of real cookies is taken to the lecturers to pattern. This is an accomplishment, when one remembers they were baked on a Filipino stove.
This has actually been true in the past; it’s equally sure that, if the present tendency continues, as proven by liquor statistics, this will be a drink-cursed nation within a quarter of a century. The variety of younger men who are drinking foreign manufacturers of liquor within the city of Manila has been pronounced “alarming” and “deplorable” by eminent Filipinos. As yet, neither of these phrases is strictly true-but the tendency towards increase is deplorable in the excessive, for a nation which aspires to turn out to be the moral, spiritual, and academic mannequin of the Orient. BOYS’ AND MIXED SCHOOLS 367 the mannequin faculty for regular students. Religion as found in the Bible, nature, or missions is taught in every of the grades.
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One young man, who had previously been a resident in Ellinwood Dormitory in Manila, contracted the dreaded illness. Instead of succumbing to the general ambiance of despair, he established a Sunday school, distributed Bibles, sang hymns, and laid the foundations for a powerful church. Meanwhile one of many trendy miracles of drugs had transformed Culion from an island of despair into an isle of hope. Chalmoogra oil was beginning to cure a couple of patients every week. The remedy is long and frightfully painful, however lepers are keen to do something if they may hope for all times. A listing of names is posted each week, telling who’re dismissed and who have however a few more weeks of remedy. The eagerness with which those 4 thousand lepers scan the lists to see how far they and their pals have been promoted towards the longed-for day of release, is pathetic past description.
It teaches, extra perfectly than some other sport, that the very best physical condition means abstinence from those vices which sap one’s vigor, corresponding to smoking, drinking, and immorality. It teaches young males how to take punishment without drawing a knife or a pistol. That a sport which has all of those deserves should degenerate into the commercialized prize fight, is deplorable, however that is its tendency in all places, unless a sharp line is drawn. In Manila, prize preventing has turn out to be a formidable rival of the cockpit. Both of those games attraction to the identical wicked appetites, the lust for gambling and the lust for blood. Literally thousands of people who find themselves ashamed to frequent the cockpit could also be seen in weekly attendance on the immense lyceum.
A few years ago a colporteur visited his house and located the old man faithfully observing the seventh day of the week as Sabbath, on account of his reading of the Old Testament.6 The friars in Bohol published some alternatives from the Gospel of John in regards to the year I890. One verse specifically struck his attention, “Search the scriptures for in them ye think ye have eternal life.” He decided that, by the help of God, he was going after that eternal life, whether the friars had been prepared for him to look the scriptures or not. He went off into the forests and prayed in his easy means that God may give him the entire of the Gospel of John.